Employment and Unemployment

July 2016

Total nonfarm payroll increased by 255,000. In July, the unemployment rate was unchanged at 4.9%. Job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care, and financial activites. Employment in mining continued to trend down.

The unemployment rate is a broad, though somewhat crude measure of how workers are faring in the economy. It does not count discouraged workers, nor does it measure under-employment (for example, workers who want a full-time job but can only find part-time work). Making these adjustments would bring the measured unemployment rate up to 10.8%. But even an adjusted unemployment rate says nothing about the quality of jobs in the economy. This last point is particularly important to keep in mind, given the growth of non-standard (temporary and/or contingent) jobs in the U.S. economy.

  This Month Last Month Change
Number Employed
151.517 million
151.097 million
0.42 million
Number Unemployed
7.770 million 7.783 million -0.01 million
Unemployment Rate
4.9% 4.9% 0.0

 

Overall Unemployment Rate                                        
4.9%
Whites
4.3%
African-Americans
8.4%
Latinos
5.4%
Asians
3.8%
Women
4.3%
Men
  4.6% 
Teenagers
15.6%

 

Multiple Jobholders                             
7.190 million(or 4.7% of those employed)

 

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, The Employment Situation.

 

Updated 9/7/2016 by IAM&AW Strategic Resources Department